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Proper Treatment of Toenail Fungus

Toenail Fungus develops on the skin and on the keratin region of the toe. Keratin is the primary component of the hair and nails. This fungus grows underneath the nail. Because of the fungal growth the toenail grows out with a yellowish, white, or brownish looking color. The toenail will typically thicken, becomes hard and brittle, and fall off.

Proper Treatment of Toenail Fungus

Environmental Conditions That Affect Toenail Fungus

What environment are most people subject to fungus conditions? Showers, locker rooms, swimming pools, and wet bathtubs are commonly found places of fungus conditions. Virtually fungus conditions can survive in any damp, humid, environment. People with health issues of diabetes, heart issues, blood circulatory, or immunity health concerns are more susceptible to nail fungus infections.

Unfortunately, toenail fungus treatment may take weeks or sometimes even months to treat. If you are dealing with toenail fungus, it is best to have all available information needed so your podiatrist can treat your toenail fungus effectively. First, a through physical exam is imperative for effective toenail fungus treatment. Usually, lab tests are performed by harvesting a sample of the infected toenail. Lab tests will determine if the fungus infection is of fungus, mold, or yeast type toenail infections. After results of the lab tests, your doctor can determine the most effective method of treatment.

Treatments for Toenail Fungus

Lamisil – Oral anti-fungal medication. These medications take about three weeks to work. Side effects are liver damage which can cause jaundice.

Topical Treatments – These type medications are applied directly to the affected nail. Kerydin is a new topical treatment which has been found to be effective in toenail fungus treatment. However, this treatment can take up to a year to clear the fungus.

Laser Treatment – This is a relatively new treatment for toenail fungus. The laser treatment destroys the fungus under the toenail, with no damage to the toenail. Sometimes with laser treatment some fungus, mold, or yeast can still be apparent on the toenail.

Surgical Treatment – Surgical removal of the fungus infected toenail. In cases where the nail matrix is infected, the matrix must be removed. The matrix is removed with chemicals such as phenol or sodium hydroxide. Unfortunately, if the matrix must be removed, no toenail will grow again.

Plant Extracts – Olive Leaf extracts has anti-fungal properties. Olive Leaf Extract can be directly applied to the infected nail as a topical treatment or can be taken in the form of capsules.

Nail Polish – Researchers at the Industrial and Chemical Research Institute found silver nanoparticles were effective in clearing toenail fungus. Silver nanoparticles are common indigents in clear nail polish. It is available in famous nail products such as OPI gel polish, Nugenesis Dipping Powder, SNS nails …

Vicks VapoRub – Camphor and Eucalyptus are common indigents in Vicks VaopRub. According to the 2011 study in Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine Vicks VapoRub was found effective in clearing toenail fungus.


Toenail fungus untreated will not go away by itself. Toenail fungus can cause pain, deformity, and can lead to more serious medical issues. If you have a nail fungus, it is best to consult your physician as soon as possible to avoid further complications.

How Do You Care for Your Feet and Toenails?

By spending only a couple of minutes daily and giving some additional consideration to your feet, you will soon see that they begin to rest easy. We should study a portion of the things that you can do to avoid foot pain and relieve existing foot-related issues.

feet care

Drench your feet for 15 to 20 minutes

We recommend the use of high-end vibrating foot tools, and there are some extraordinary ones available. The vast majority of these machines either vibrate or utilize warmth to help relieve throbbing feet.
In any case, you needn’t bother with a foot spa to douse and calm your feet adequately. Any bowl will work. Just follow these steps:

  • Gather every one of the items you’ll require to drench your feet. You’ll need items like towel, a foot scrub, Epsom salts, any essential oil, a bowl etc
  • Before soaking your feet, make sure they are properly washed.
  • Fill the bowl with warm water. You can include things like basic oils or Epsom salts to give you that spa-like experience.
  • Soak your feet for a few minutes, or leave it in until the water cools off.
  • Use a foot brush or a pumice stone to scrub your feet and get rid of dead skin
  • Dry your feet completely.

Only wear shoes that fit properly.

Foot issues regularly emerge from the shoes we wear. Shoes ought to never feel tight or cause uneasiness when putting them on. Shoes that are too tight can cause bunions and prompt ingrown toenails. Also, they prevent air currents from reaching your feet and toes, which can cause parasitic diseases and bad smell.

To deal with this issue, you should purchase shoes that have a bit of additional room, and substitute the shoes that you wear every day. If your shoes happen to be excessively tight, utilize a shoe stretcher to make additional room in footwear. This will guarantee that your boots, foot rear areas, and shoes are more comfortable.

Always have a foot massage at home

You don’t have to go to a salon or costly spa to get a quality foot rub. You can do it without anyone else’s help. The human feet have a wide range of pressure points from the rear area the toe.

As indicated by PainCare, squeezing or rubbing these distinctive areas can help with different issues throughout the body. This is known as reflexology. It is a type of drug utilized by a wide range of cultures that can assist to mitigate different conditions, pains and aches. Yet, you don’t need to be a specialist in reflexology to get the advantages of a decent foot massage.

A lovely foot back rub can mitigate discomforts and aches in your feet. Give careful consideration to the curves of your feet, and your toes. You can use essential oils, foot creams and lotions to keep your feet saturated and get more out of the massage tool. Also you can use some nail polish safe and friendly product as dnd gel polish, bio seaweed gel, kiara sky nail polish

A few cool tips on how to care for your nails during summer

A few cool tips on how to care for your nails during summer
Summer simply means sandals season and sandals means uncovered toes. Nail expert Deyzel Ronel gives some cool tips on how to care for your nails during summer.

A few cool tips on how to care for your nails during summer

1. During summer, feet and hands regularly turn a shade darker and this is because women fail to apply sunscreen to them. In the event that you have tanned hands, help them by absorbing them a little tub of warm water with a tablespoon of lemon juice. Keep your hands drenched in the water for a few minutes and dry them up afterward. You’ll start seeing your tan make its way back.

2. To prevent nails getting to be stained by solid nail varnish shades, dependably apply a opi gel nail polish…always! You’ll also notice that your polish will last more than a week.

3. Seek the advice of a nail expert before venturing into nail files. It has always been the thumb rule that the higher grids, the even more finely the nails will get buffed. Lower grid nail filers are utilized when buffing fake nails.

4. Continuously clean your nail instruments after every use. Sterilize them with disinfectants and always have those handy.

5. Treat yourself to sporadic hand spa medicines. Just as facials are to the face, it is also essential to take care of your hands. The procedure ought to incorporate plenty moisturizers, mask and the application of an exfoliating scrub.

6. Are you always using a computer keyboard? If this is true, you should try using light colored polishes so whenever the nails start chipping, they won’t look awful. won’t look awful. Saturate your nails at regular intervals so they don’t break because of steady weight on the keyboards.

7. Are you using acrylic (artificial) nails? Try not to peel them off by yourself. Not only will this cause your nails to dry up and brittle, you would have created the perfect breeding ground for bacteria, fungus and infections. Likewise, in the event that you wear acrylic nails or sns nail system, do not use acetone-based removers on them, as it will cause the nails to peel off. There are specific polish removers for these sorts of nails.

8. To quickly reinforce and soften nails, pour a few tablespoons of sweet almond oil into a smaller bowl, put it in a bigger bowl of hot water and as soon the oil is warm, put your nails in it and allow it soak for a few minutes. When you’re done, wipe your nails clean.

9. When choosing whether you need your nails to be square-formed or rounded, don’t be influenced by the current trends; let a nail expert recommend what is best for you. Typically, we do not recommend rounded nails because they easily break.

10. Do not acetone-based removers but look for ones that contain lanolin. This is because acetone-based removers can dry up your nails and the skin around it.

11. On the off chance that you discover edges framing on your nails, it’s a great opportunity to sit up and pay attention to your nails. You might experience the ill effects of an intense insufficiency of vitamin D and calcium. Include strawberries, blueberries and carrot juice to your diet because they help keep your cuticles from drying up. Massaging the nails with almond or olive oil or use sns for nails can also make a difference.

The Great Melbourne Telescope

Built in 1868 by Thomas Grubb in Ireland, the Great Melbourne Telescope was the second largest operating telescope in the world. Designed to to explore the nebulae visible from the southern hemisphere, its home was the observatory at Melbourne Botanical Gardens until closure in 1945.

Great Melbourne Telescope. Probably taken 1890s or early 1900s, published in The Australasian newspaper in 1919. Courtesy of Museum Victoria.

Telescope being assembled (1868 or early 1869). Courtesy of Museum Victoria

Telescope undergoing restoration (Photo: Matt Smith)

Matthew Churchward and part of the telescope (Photo: Matt Smith)

Panorama of Melbourne. Great Melbourne Telescope visible at far right

Black and white photos courtesy of Museum Victoria

Richard Gillespie
Head of Humanities
Museum Victoria
Book: The Great Melbourne Telescope

Matthew Churchward
Senior Curator, Engineering and Transport
Museum Victoria
Twitter: @GMT21stC

Phoebe – Melodium
Brightening, Geneology, Morning Mist, Reflector – Poddington Bear
A Space Oddity (instrumental ) – David Bowie


The old court house in the middle of Stirling Gardens in Perth is the city’s oldest surviving public building. It was built in 1836 and as well as a law court it was a place of worship, a school, a concert hall and the site of public meetings.


Richard Offen
Heritage Perth
Twitter: @heritageperth

Collioure, Phoebe, Music for Invisible People – Melodium
Sunset, Sunset Stroll, Got Spark – Poddington Bear

Flinders Street Station Ballroom

Flinders Street Station is an iconic hub of activity in Melbourne, with more than 100,000 people passing through every day. But there’s a side to the station that lies mostly forgotten which few people see – a grand ballroom, long since neglected, now decaying and falling to pieces.

There’s two distinct ends to Flinders Street Station in Melbourne. There’s the part on Swanston Street that everyone knows – commuters pass beneath the impressive dome, it’s the feature of Melbourne photographs and postcards, the activity of trains, and the meeting place ‘under the clocks’. Apart from this the station stretches for two city blocks, away from Swanston Street and past Elizabeth Street. Away from the activity, it gets a lot less attention.

Now mostly derelict, this end of the station was home to the Victorian Railway Institute. When the station building was complete in 1909 there was much more focus on employee welfare, public programs and a sense of community. The Institute housed bakers and childcare crèches, a gym, a library, and most notably, a ballroom. There was even an unofficial running track on the roof of the building – four laps was roughly equal to a mile, at least before the eventual installation of air-conditioners.

Flinders Street Station Ballroom
Flinders Street Station Ballroom
Flinders Street Station Ballroom
Flinders Street Station Ballroom
Flinders Street Station Ballroom

The ballroom in particular became a hub the Melbourne social scene. Originally a lecture hall and at one point a movie cinema, it found its true calling as a ballroom where events such as ballroom dancing, performances and concerts were held. The design changed in later times – a mezzanine bandstand was added in the 1950s as the balls became so popular, there wasn’t room on the floor to accommodate the band. Events would also end at midnight, to ensure everyone made it on the last train in time to get home.

When the 1980s rolled by the Victorian Railways Institute was in desperate needs of repairs and upgrades, but lacked the funds. They moved to new premises, and the southern end of Flinders Street Station, containing the ballroom, the gym, the library, were shut behind a metal gate and allowed to decay. Those few who are allowed inside the ballroom aren’t permitted to stray near the walls due to falling masonry, and the edges of the room are cordoned off by a barricade cobbled from vintage music stands.

Under the proposed redevelopment the Flinders Street Station Ballroom is to be restored. If and when that happens, the grand old space might see a second life yet.

Peter Watson
Station Experience Manager
Metro Trains, Melbourne

Collioure, Phoebe – Melodium
Waltz of the Flowers composed by Tchaikovsky
Voices of Spring Waltz composed by Strauss
The Blue Danube Waltz composed by Strauss

Pentridge Prison’s Panopticon

Recent archaeological digs at Pentridge Prison in Melbourne have uncovered three airing yards built in the design of a panopticon. Based on original concepts by Jeremy Bentham, the airing yard design allowed a single guard in the middle tower to keep an eye on each prisoner while they had fresh air for one hour a day.

On the top of a hill in Coburg, near Melbourne, there is a large bluestone building which, at a glance, looks like it could be a medieval castle. The outer walls reach high into the sky and there are turrets on the corners. Yet these walls are not trying to keep the enemy out, but the prisoners in.

This is Pentridge Prison, nicknamed ‘the bluestone college’. It was built in 1858 when the city was still young. Melbourne had seen rapid growth as people surged landwards towards the goldfields, and experienced all the social problems that go along with it. Old Melbourne Gaol and the prison hulks anchored off Williamstown were no longer coping with the prison population, and Pentridge Prison was built a suitable distance away at the time, but visually impressive to act as a deterrent.

The prison blocks of A Division and B Division operated along the guidelines of the separate system – a prisoner was kept in isolation in a small cell for twenty-three hours a day, during which they could contemplate their crimes and read the bible. Besides a weekly shower and shave, the only reprieve from the cell confinement was one hour a day in the airing yards.

There were three airing yards at Pentridge Prison, built in the form of the panopticon designed by English philosopher and social theorist Jeremy Bentham. The structure is in the shape of a wagon wheel, with a guard tower in the centre who can monitor eight prisoners, each in their separate segment.

The panopticon was based on the idea that each prisoner was unsure whether they were being watched and would therefore always behave as if they were. Bentham saw potential in the design being used in hospitals, schools, sanatoriums, daycares, and asylums, but he primarily developed it for use in prisons.

At Pentridge Prison, panopticons were effective in enforcing the separate system. A prisoner was covered in a mask and cowl (called a ‘peak’) and led out to the airing yard. Here, they were allowed to walk for an hour, open to the elements, before being led back to the cells. This gave them the benefit of fresh air and exercise, but kept them confined and isolated. Prisoners spent a month for every year of their sentence in this fashion, the idea being to break their spirits quickly.

The airing yards fell out of use over time, primarily due to prison overcrowding. The last time they were in use was the early 1900s. They were eventually demolished as the prison was modernised, and Pentridge Prison was eventually closed in 1997.

Adam Ford
Project DirectorPentridge Archaeological Excavation
Twitter: @AdamFord69

Collioure – Melodium

The Hoddle Grid

In 1837 a surveyor named Robert Hoddle was sent from Sydney to the mouth of the Yarra, charged with the duties of laying out what would become the city of Melbourne. The design was a grid layout running parallel to the river, and has become known as Hoddle’s Grid.

When Robert Hoddle came to the shores of the Yarra River in 1837 there was little to greet him besides an illegal settlement of colonists who had come over from Launceston. He led a team that would map out the foundation for a new city, following the regulations laid out in 1829 under the previous governor, Ralph Darling.

The regulations had a lot to do with how the Melbourne grid was laid out, although Hoddle aligned it to be parallel to the river, rather than north-south east-west. It was the convenient thing to do.

The city was almost named Batmania as suggested by its original founder and local explorer, John Batman. However, it eventually took the name of then British Prime Minister, Lord Melbourne, and the resulting layout has become known as the Hoddle Grid. It is a name and design that has persisted to this day.

Hoddle followed the regulations of the time closely. All surveys would be exactly 10 chain square blocks, a chain being around 20 metres in length. This land was subdivided into 20 half-acre allotments, with streets being one and a half chains in width. The only alteration to the design was put in by Governor Bourke, who added the narrow laneways of Melbourne such as Flinders Lane and Little Collins St.

After Governor Bourke had left and Hoddle remained surveying, he gradually changed the survey practice to get rid of those lanes. So in East Melbourne the lanes were widened out to become streets.

As Melbourne grew through times of gold rush, war and federation, the city changed. The orientation of the city, originally conforming to Hoddle’s grid to follow the alignment of the river, grew outwards in a standard ‘north-south orientation’. This resulted in a kink in the city design, with dog-leg curves towards the ends of Elizabeth St and Swanston St.

Extra north-south laneways were added to facilitate sewerage and waste disposal. Skyscrapers replaced residential cottages, and the city sprawled outwards. Trams now clank down the streets where there were once only horses.

Hoddle was eventually given the task of auctioning off parcels of land on the grid he designed. With his commission he brought two blocks himself, at the cost of £54. He used one of these plots to build his retirement house at the corner of Bourke and Spencer streets, where he lived out his days in the grid that now bears his name.

Professor Miles Lewis
Architectural historian
Faculty of Architecture, Building & Planning
University of Melbourne


Collioure, Phoebe – Melodium
Light Touch, Got Spark, Climbing the Mountain, Twilight Granduer – Poddington Bear
Nightlite – Bonobo
Sim City theme composed by Chris Tilton